Hyperactivity Disorder is a mouthful to type or say, so for the rest of this
section, we will refer to it by its acronym, ADHD. This summary will focus on ADHD in adults
(age 18 and over).
Some children with ADHD continue to have it as adults. And many adults who
have the disorder don't know it. They may feel that it is impossible to get
organized, stick to a job, or remember and keep appointments. Daily tasks such
as getting up in the morning, preparing to leave the house for work, arriving
at work on time, and being productive on the job can be especially challenging
for adults with ADHD.
may have a history of failure at school, problems at work, or difficult or
failed relationships. Many have had multiple traffic accidents. Like teens,
adults with ADHD may seem restless and may try to do several things at once,
most of them unsuccessfully. They also tend to prefer "quick fixes,"
rather than taking the steps needed to achieve greater rewards.
4.1% of the
adult population in the United States are diagnosed with ADHD and of these,
41.3% are classified as “severe.”
things put a person at higher risk of experiencing ADHD?
has been found to be more common in the immediate biological family members of
persons with ADHD. Considerable evidence
indicates strong influences of genetic factors on hyperactivity, impulsivity,
and inattention. Family, school, and
peer influences can also be crucial in determining the severity of the
ADHD be treated? How?
Much like children with the disorder, adults with ADHD are treated with
medication, psychotherapy, or a combination of treatments. An adult with ADHD should discuss potential
medication options with his or her doctor. These and other issues must be taken
into account when a medication is prescribed.
counselor or therapist can help an adult with ADHD learn how to organize his or
her life with tools such as a large calendar or date book, lists, reminder
notes, and by assigning a special place for keys, bills, and paperwork. Large
tasks can be broken down into more manageable, smaller steps so that completing
each part of the task provides a sense of accomplishment.
including cognitive behavioral therapy, also can help change one's poor
self-image by examining the experiences that produced it. The therapist
encourages the adult with ADHD to adjust to the life changes that come with
treatment, such as thinking before acting, or resisting the urge to take
does ADHD progress?
To be diagnosed with the condition,
an adult must have ADHD symptoms that began in childhood and continued
throughout adulthood. Accordingly, early
symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity (as opposed to normal over-activity),
and/or impulsivity may have been overlooked.
people with ADHD get better?
ADHD is a lifelong disorder but may improve with treatment.
Although it may be damaging to mental/social health, it is not fatal nor does
it involve gradual or continuing loss of function.
· The United States National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) mission is to define, through rigorous scientific investigation, the usefulness and safety of complementary and alternative medicine interventions and their roles in improving health and health care. They do that by advancing the science and practice of symptom management; developing effective, practical, personalized strategies for promoting health and well-being; and enabling better evidence-based decision making regarding CAM use and its integration into health care and health promotion. Information available there about complementary and alternative treatments for ADHD, for example, can be found at http://nccam.nih.gov/health/adhd.